Hydraulic system applications

Hydraulic systems are extensively used in many areas such as manufacturing, mining agriculture, etc.

Application of Hydraulic System in Agricultural Area

In agricultural area, hydraulic systems are widely applied on the tractors used for plowing agricultural fields.  Agricultural tractors apply a hydraulic system on their steering systems as shown in the following Figure

Notes:

TENAGA PENGANGKAT PERALATAN KONTROL = LIFTING POWER CONTROL

KATUP KEMUDI TENAGA = POWER CONTROL VALVE

KATUP KONTROL TERPISAH = INDIVIDUAL CONTROL VALVE

AKUMULATOR = ACCUMULATOR

PENDINGIN OLI = COOLING OIL

POMPA HIDROLIK UTAMA = PRIME HYDRAULIC PUMP

SILINDER KEMUDI = CONTROL CYLINDER

REM TENAGA = POWER BRAKE

SILINDER KONTROL TERPISAH = INDIVIDUAL CONTROL CYLINDER

Notes:

KATUP SPOOL KEMUDI = CONTROL SPOOL VALVE

ULIR CACING = WORM THREADS

PENGHUBUNG KEMUDI = CONTROL LINK

SILINDER KEMUDI = CONTROL CYLINDER

RACK DAN PINION = RACK AND PINION

TORAK = PISTON

POMPA = PUMP

RESERVOAR = RESERVOIR

RODA KEMUDI = STEERING WHEEL

 

Mining Equipment

In mining area, the hydraulic system is applied on any backhoe having a loader unit as shown in the following figure.

Notes:

  • SILINDER CROWD = CROWD CYLINDER
  • SILINDER BOOM = BOOM CYLINDER
  • TUAS KONTROL BACKHOE = BACKHOE CONTROL LEVER
  • KATUP KONTROL BACKHOE = BACKHOE CONTROL VALVE
  • SILINDER PUTAR = SWING CYLINDER
  • SILINDER STABILIZER SEBELAH KIRI = LEFT HAND STABILIZER CYLINDER
  • SILINDER BUCKET = BUCKET CYLINDER.

In mining area, this equipment is usually used for excavation and dredging.

For example: Bulldozer, commonly used in mining area.

In a bulldozer, the hydraulic system is applied for:

  • upward or downward movement
  • vertically-angled movement
  • horizontally-angled movement

Notes:

  • SILINDER BUCKET = BUCKET CYLINDER
  • SLINDER CROWD = CROWD CYLINDER
  • SILINDER BOOM = BOOM CYINDER
  • SILINDER PUTAR = SWING CYLINDER
  • SILINDER STABILIZER SEBELAH KIRI = LEFT HAND STABILIZER CYLINDER
  • SILINDER STABILIZER SEBELAH KANAN = RIGHT HAND STABILIZER CYLINDER
  • BCKHOE = BACKHOE
  • TRAKTOR = TRACTOR
  • KATUP KONTROL BACKHOE = BACKHOE CONTROL VALVE
  • KATUP SELEKTOR = SELECTOR VALVE
  • RESERVOAR = RESERVOIR
  • KATUP PELEPAS = RELEASE VALVE
  • POMPA = PUMP

POSISI TENGAH MEMBUKA = OPEN POSITION.

 

Lifting device

The hydraulic system in a forklift is commonly used for lifting, holding, and piling products.

The following figure shows a forklift having three types of hydraulic controls, including:

  • one hydraulic system for upward and downward movements.
  • one hydraulic system for forward and backward tilting movements.
  • one hydraulic system for raising a pole from one side to the other side.

Notes:

  • SILINDER PENGANGKAT = LIFTING CYLINDER
  • RESERVOAR = RESERVOIR
  • SILINDER PEMIRING = TILTING CYLINDER
  • KATUP KONTROL = CONTROL VALVE
  • POMPA = PUMP

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.